ELECTRIC VEHICLES in India

After the announcement of Tesla vehicles in INDIA by Elon Musk, the craze and market for electric vehicles have gained momentum tremendously. People are becoming much more enthusiastic about switching from conventional petrol/diesel cars to electric vehicles. The explanation for this change could also be the rise in fuel prices, but that isn’t the issue we’ll be addressing here. We are more likely to discuss the future of Electric Vehicles in India.

How about starting this with basic understanding of electric vehicles. An electric vehicle (EV) is one that operates on an electric motor, instead of an internal-combustion engine that generates power by burning a mix of fuel and gases. As a result, electric vehicles are being considered as a potential substitute for current-generation vehicles in order to fix concerns such as rising emissions, global warming, natural resource depletion, and so on.

While understanding the future of electric vehicles let’s have a glance at its past. I mean firstly understand why we initially switched/opted to motor vehicles(petrol/diesel) and was there not any option back then?

Gasoline-fueled vehicles had stiff competition from steam-driven and electric cars back then also. Despite the simplicity of Steam engines, fast acceleration, low pollution, economy, and great power, the early steamers started up slowly and ran noisily, had unreliable controls and problems with freezing, and required extensive engineering knowledge to operate. The electric car, utilizing rechargeable batteries, was another promising alternative to the gas-powered vehicle. As with the steamers, electric cars had some decided advantages over the motorcar: ease of operation, no emissions of foul odors and gases, and a quiet ride. Yet as a road vehicle, electric cars had a major problem: limited range. Furthermore, storage-battery life was limited and the batteries themselves were bulky.

With greater availability of gasoline and oil lubricants after the gigantic Spindletop oil strike in southeast Texas in 1901, and favorable publicity from automobile race results, the gasoline-powered car claimed performance superiority over its competitors.

Now, after reading about the history of the automotive industry, we learn that electric cars are not a new concept, but that due to limitations in science and technology in the past, we have been unable to bring the concept to fruition. But if we talk about today we can definitely take on proceeding with that idea now. You must have in mind What are the benefits of considering an electric vehicle? Apart from being environmentally friendly, what other advantages does an electric vehicle offer? Let me provide you with some more benefits of electric vehicles apart from its nature friendly aspect. This could help you to support your idea of switching from traditional diesel/petrol vehicles to the new electric vehicles.

Pleasant to the wallet

Electric vehicles are entirely charged by electricity which eliminates the need of going to the petrol pump. Driving a fuel based vehicle can actually burn a hole in your pockets as you are aware of shooting prices of petrol/diesel in India. If you calculate the yearly cost of your spending on petrol/diesel then you could easily relate how electric vehicles could save your expense of fuel for the entire life.

Time Saving:The electric vehicles are easy to recharge. You could simply charge your electric vehicle at your home. So when you need to go somewhere just charge your vehicle like your phone and just go on. There is no need to be waiting in Que at petrol pumps to refill your tank or stucking in terrifying traffic for just reaching out to a petrol station.

Safety:Electric vehicles come with a lot of safety features. Not only do they undergo the same safety feature that petrol/diesel vehicles go, but also they have a lower center of gravity, which makes them more stable in case of a collision. Important to note that it can cut the power supply in cases of accidents to prevent explosion which would generally be happening in petrol/diesel vehicles.

Subsidy:I am pretty much sure that most of you must not be aware of the fact that the government of India also provides subsidy in purchasing electric vehicles. The Government had initiated a scheme FAME(Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid &) Electric Vehicles) to encourage electric vehicles by providing subsidies on their purchase.

Future Proof:The world is heading towards smart appliances and technology whether it is your phone, speaker, fridge, washing machine, watches, or any other gadget. The concept of driverless car or robo car also excites most of us. Driverless car is a vehicle that is capable of sensing its external surroundings and moving on their own without any human inputs. Only Electric cars can very well pull this experiment into reality.

I believe I have provided you with sufficient reasons to choose an electric vehicle over a gasoline or diesel vehicle. After giving that much advantage and benefits you must have been flown away with electric vehicles but let me tell you everything has two sides. The other side should not always be called negative, but we could also see it as the developments that it still needs, to be in the market. There are some of the points which the electric vehicle is lacking for its implementation in day to day lives. What are those? Let’s have a look.

Limited Recharge Points:Electric fuelling stations are still in the development stages. Not a lot of places you go to on a daily basis will have electric fuelling stations for your vehicle, meaning that if you’re on a long trip or decide to visit family in a rural or suburban area and run out of charge, it may be harder to find a charging station. You may be stuck where you are.

Lithium-ion battery:Currently, all EVs use lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). It is the limitations of LIBs that will prevent widespread adoption of EVs. LIBs are expensive and do not support long distance travel. Worse, raw materials needed to make LIBs are in short supply. The battery used in a typical EV is a massive 500 kg pack consisting of hundreds of large lithium-ion cells that use metals like lithium, cobalt, nickel and manganese. Each metal serves a useful purpose. For example, lithium generates a flow of electrons and helps charge the battery. Cobalt prevents battery overheating. The problem is the world does not have enough of lithium or cobalt reserves needed to replace current automobiles with EVs.

Problems which we could probably face in future are not so big. Let me explain why I am saying this. The government has already declared that they are working to have more electric recharge stations under FAME (Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid and) Electric Vehicles). And if there are any existing problems with the battery or charging time, I can remind you of how much our science and technology has advanced in recent years. Smartphone charging used to take nearly 2–3 hours, but now it only takes 15–30 minutes to completely charge your battery thanks to technical advancements. I assume that in the future, science and technology will develop a faster and more efficient method for extending battery life and charging speed. Moreover, zinc-ion based batteries can be a substitute for lithium-ion batteries.

Problems which we could probably face in future are not so big. Let me explain why I am saying this. The government has already declared that they are working to have more electric recharge stations under FAME (Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid and) Electric Vehicles). And if there are any existing problems with the battery or charging time, I can remind you of how much our science and technology has advanced in recent years. Smartphone charging used to take nearly 2–3 hours, but now it only takes 15–30 minutes to completely charge your battery thanks to technical advancements. I assume that in the future, science and technology will develop a faster and more efficient method for extending battery life and charging speed. Moreover, zinc-ion based batteries can be a substitute for lithium-ion batteries.

After knowing all the aspects of electric vehicles I must comment that electric vehicles are the best alternative for the petrol/diesel vehicles. Electric vehicles not only help us in preventing our mother Earth from vehicle emission which causes pollution but also well suited for our pockets in a long term game. The only challenge we would be facing is the inflation in the market during initial days due to its small-scale production. But with time this problem will also short out once more people will get aware of the advantages it provides, they all would shift to electric vehicles. This shift would bring down the price of electric vehicles in India. At last, after observing the current case scenario in India I would like to share some words

The time is right for electric cars — in fact the time is critical.

-(Carlos Ghosn)